Diabetes increases the risk of peripheral arterial disease and neuropathy (altered/loss of sensation). People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing infections and a decreased ability to clear them. Foot ulceration is a real threat to a diabetic and can have serious implications as diabetes is a leading cause of lower limb amputation in the UK. Research has shown prevention is often possible with good education and regular reviews with the appropriate health care providers.
The importance of daily self examination of the feet should not be under stated.
Become familiar with your feet and legs. Check for colour changes, bruising, callus or hard skin, swellings, breaks in the skin, numbness or pain. If you notice any breaks in the skin or any of the above contact your health professional for advice or a review.
Check your footwear fits appropriately and is not too tight, narrow or shallow. Ensure the footwear is foot shaped and matches the general profile of your feet, avoiding slip on styles that may increase friction or end pressure on the toes where the foot is not held back sufficiently. If you are unsure about the appropriate fit of your footwear then have a health professional with the relevant experience check them.